Common Age-Related Eye Problems

Getting older causes changes, including in your eyes. When aging affects your eyesight, there are some common conditions that often occur. Some are mild, while others can cause blindness if not treated. 

An eye care professional should be part of your personal medical team as you get older. At IC Laser Eye Care, our team provides testing and treatment for age-related eye disorders

Our three offices in Bensalem and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Hamilton, New Jersey, represent the most state-of-the-art medical and surgical eye care available in the area to help you at any stage of life. 

So, what can you expect from your aging eyes? Here are four of the most common conditions you may see as you approach your senior years. 

Dry eye

While common with older people, high levels of screen time on computers, tablets, and smartphones mean that dry eye is a condition that even impacts younger people. 

Dry eye occurs when the three components of your tears fall out of balance or aren’t produced in sufficient quantities. 

Dry eye isn’t always dry. In some cases, the saline component of your tears may overproduce, overwhelming the other two layers. You may have watery eyes that are easily irritated. 

Cataracts

When the proteins that make up the lens of your eye start to break down with age, they become opaque. This is particularly troublesome since your vision relies on their transparency. With cataracts, your eyesight becomes diffused and blurred as the lenses turn cloudy. 

Your risk of cataracts increases if you’re caucasian, have diabetes, accumulated lots of sun exposure through your life, or have been on medications that cause tissue breakdown. 

Surgery to replace your lens fixes the issue once it’s severe enough to limit your daily activities. 

Macular degeneration

Straight-ahead and color vision depend on the macula, the center section of the retina. Macular degeneration causes dimmed, wavy, or blurred vision before leading to central vision loss. 

There’s no cure for macular degeneration, but it’s possible to lower your risk or slow down its progression. 

Glaucoma

Your eyeballs are filled with a viscous, gel-like substance that has a certain ideal pressure range. Glaucoma occurs when conditions change and this internal pressure rises. 

The disease starts and develops without any symptoms. There are no clues you have a problem until it’s advanced. At that point, your peripheral vision may start to fade. 

Left untreated, your range of vision narrows until you see only through a narrow central tunnel, before losing sight completely. 

There are both pharmaceutical and surgical treatments that depend on the type of glaucoma you have. Screening for this otherwise silent condition is important for early detection. 

Getting your eyes checked

There are other conditions that affect your eyes when you get older, including detached retina and diabetic retinopathy. The best way to stay on top of your vision health is regular screening for eye issues. 

To schedule your eye exam, call our nearest office or book online today. 

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